(CNN)Nicaragua's authorities has breached disconnected diplomatic relations with Taiwan and embraced Beijing, declaring "there is lone 1 China successful the world."
The Nicaraguan announcement present leaves a small much than a twelve countries that support authoritative diplomatic relations with self-ruled Taiwan, including chap Central American nations Honduras and Guatemala.
"The People's Republic of China is the lone morganatic authorities representing each of China and Taiwan is an undoubted portion of the Chinese territory," Nicaragua's Foreign Minister Denis Moncada said successful a televised announcement from superior metropolis Managua connected Thursday.
"The authorities of the Republic of Nicaragua breaks diplomatic relations with Taiwan arsenic of contiguous and stopped having immoderate interaction oregon authoritative relationship," helium said.
Mainland China and Taiwan person been governed separately since the extremity of the Chinese civilian warfare much than 70 years ago. Taiwan is present a flourishing multi-party democracy, but the mainland's ruling Chinese Communist Party regards the land arsenic an inseparable portion of its territory -- contempt having ne'er controlled it
Beijing refuses to support diplomatic ties with immoderate state that recognizes Taiwan and has spent overmuch of the past 40 years attempting to isolate the land by chipping distant astatine its diplomatic allies with offers of economical support.
The fig of countries that person diplomatic relations with Taiwan alternatively than Beijing has shrunk rapidly successful caller years arsenic China looks to ramp up its planetary power nether President Xi Jinping.
In 2018, El Salvador, Burkina Faso and the Dominican Republic each said they would nary longer admit Taipei, followed by the Solomon Islands and Kiribati successful 2019.
And Nicaragua mightiness not beryllium the past federation to power from Taiwan to China successful 2021 either.
Honduran President-elect Xiomara Castro has publicly floated the idea of ditching her country's diplomatic ties with Taipei, starring to a concerted effort by President Tsai Ing-wen and her authorities to solidify ties with the Central American nation.
China's ambassador to the United Nations Zhang Jun said connected Twitter Friday that helium "highly commended" Nicaragua's determination to extremity diplomatic relations with Taiwan, "which is successful enactment with the prevailing inclination of the clip and people's aspiration."
"The One-China rule is simply a statement wide accepted by the planetary assemblage and allows nary challenge," helium said.
Under Xi, relations betwixt Taipei and Beijing person deteriorated to levels not seen successful decades. In October, China's subject sent a grounds fig of warplanes into the aerial astir the island, amid threats of further subject action. Meanwhile, the United States -- which switched diplomatic designation from Taipei to Beijing successful 1979 -- has sought to bolster Taiwan connected the satellite signifier with ample arms income and high-profile visits by American officials.
Thursday's announcement leaves Taiwan with conscionable 14 diplomatic allies, mostly tiny nations successful the Caribbean and the Pacific, arsenic good arsenic the Vatican.
In a statement, Taiwan's Foreign Ministry expressed "pain and regret" astatine the quality and said it would successful crook sever diplomatic relations with Nicaragua, halt bilateral cooperation, and evacuate staffers from the country.
"The Ortega presidency disregarded the semipermanent relationship betwixt Taiwanese and Nicaraguan that shared weal and woe. We are precise atrocious to spot that," it said, referring to Nicaragua's precocious reelected person Daniel Ortega.
"Taiwan arsenic a portion of planetary nine has the close to diplomatic relations with different countries. We volition proceed to beforehand "Steadfast Diplomacy" to grow our planetary surviving space, dedicating ourselves into maintaining determination bid and stability, warring for the planetary presumption that we deserve, and protecting this nation's interests and the payment of the people," Taiwan's connection added.
A US State Department spokesperson said successful a connection the determination to terrible ties with Taiwan "deprives Nicaragua's radical of a steadfast spouse successful its antiauthoritarian and economical growth."
"We promote each countries that worth antiauthoritarian institutions, transparency, the regularisation of law, and promoting economical prosperity for their citizens to grow engagement with Taiwan," the connection said.
But speaking connected Friday, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi accused the US of a "double standard," according to state-run broadcaster CCTV, pointing retired that Washington has for decades maintained diplomatic relations with Beijing.
"What close (does the US) person to halt different sovereign states from making their ain choices?" Wang said.
According to Taiwan's authoritative Central News Agency, this is not the archetypal clip Nicaragua has breached ties with the self-governing island. It antecedently switched designation to Beijing successful 1985 -- besides nether President Ortega, who is presently serving his 5th non-consecutive term.
The 2 countries resumed ties successful 1990, during the presidency of Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, CNA reported.
Reporting contributed by CNN's Philip Wang successful Atlanta, Caitlin Hu successful New York, Matt Rivers successful Mexico City, and Wayne Chang and Eric Chueng successful Hong Kong.